Women -- Suffrage
Mountaineering -- Washington (State)
Rainier, Mount (Wash.)
In this focused inquiry, students investigate the question What political actions are most effective to promote change?
Students engage in an analysis of types of political engagement and one case study to determine how effective the action was and what may prove more effective.
- Suffragette Summit of Rainier Lesson Plan with Activity Sheet (form fillable pdf)
- Suffragette Summit of Rainier Text Set
- Featured Sources
- On the Summit of Rainier [Image of climbers with flag]
- Mountaineers back from Rainer, from The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Seattle, WA), August 8, 1909
- First two paragraphs of the Suffragists join The Mountaineers outing to Mount Rainier... HistoryLink Article
- Additional Reading
- "Mountaineers Outing To Mount Rainier," The Mountaineer, Volume II, November 1909
- Article on Suffragists’ first attempt to carry a banner up Mount Rainier from The Seattle Sunday Times (Seattle, WA), August 23, 1908
- Clipping about Dr. Cora Smith Eaton planting the Suffragist’s banner on Mount Rainier from the Auburn Argus (Auburn, WA), August 7, 
- Clipping of two newspapers commenting on the Suffragist’s banner from Wilson Creek World (Wilson Creek, WA), October 8, 1909
- Dr. Cora Eaton A Climber, from The Evening Times (Grand Forks, N.D.), August 26, 1909
- Suffragette Summit of Rainier Activity Sheet (form fillable pdf)
- Suffragette Summit of Rainier Lesson Plan with Activity Sheet (editable document)
- Suffragette Summit of Rainier Activity Sheet (editable document)
- H2.6-8.2. Explain and analyze how individuals and movements have shaped Washington state history since statehood.
- C4. Understands civic involvement.
- C4.6-8.3. Employ strategies for civic involvement that address a state or local issue.
Staging the Question
Compelling Question: What political actions are most effective to create change?
Analyze the image of climbers with flag: Observations, interpretations, questions, predictions.
Formative Performance Task
Supporting Question: How was Dr. Cora Smith Eaton’s Suffragette summit of Rainer an example of Civic Participation?
- Read the 15 Forms of Civic Participation handout and rank the 15 forms of civic participation for effectiveness.
- Read the excerpts of the Rainier summit, discuss the forms of civic participation that were used by the suffragists, and evaluate where in the midst of your ranking this event would go.
Taking Informed Action
Argument: Argue where in a spectrum of effective forms of civic participation this action would go. What two forms would be more effective? What two would be less effective?
Prepare a political action plan that uses 3 forms of civic participation to effect a change you’d like to see.